We’re 4 days out from the general election here in NZ and one of our biscuit companies is taking it very seriously….
This puffer in’t being inquisitive, this puffer is hunting!
Pufferfish eat snails, so they are just adorably figuring out the best way to eat their dinner. \uwu/
That’s also not a baby puffer fish, it’s a dwarf puffer!
It could just be very young, but it’s also slightly skinny - DPFs often come into pet stores like this and often carry internal parasites, so it’s important to have an antiparasitic on hand with these guys. It’s good that it’s eating, but you’d want to keep an eye on this little guy - I usually say the thing to watch out for is “Convex, not concave” for puffer health. Puffpuffs should be nice and fat like the one below (their tummy stretches as they eat, and this girl does look like she’s had a good meal)
Let me preface this post that I would never claim to know as much about keeping animals as many of the members of the herp community here on tumblr. That being said, I do professionally study reptiles and amphibians, and have been studying them in a scientific sense for almost a decade. I may therefore be qualified to offer some opinions on the contentious issue of having sand in terraria based on intimate knowledge of reptiles and their habits, but I urge also against taking my word for gospel. I am just as liable to being wrong on these issues as anyone else; I am not, after all, totally objective (though I like to think I have the best interests of the animals at heart).
I reckon the majority of tumblr’s herp community will have seen the debate that has flared up over using sand as an appropriate substrate for particular species of reptile, specifically Pogona vitticeps, the bearded dragon. Before I talk about bearded dragons in particular, I want to talk generally about sand.
South American Pufferfish/Amazon Pufferfish
Species: C. asellus
Maximum Size: Reportedly up to 6”, 3” more common in home aquaria
Aggression: Mid, Social
Temperature: 72-82 F
Hardness: 5-20 dH
Brackish Tolerance: varies, 1.000-1.005
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Feeding: Flake, Pellets, and Algae Wafers likely accepted. Chopped Shellfish, pieces of frozen fish, even vegetable matter good for supplements. Eats some snail species
Notes: South American Pufferfish (SAPs) are unique as far as the commonly traded pufferfish go. Unlike the Carinotetraodon and Tetraodon puffers sold, these fish are social and can be kept in good sized groups. Indeed, they seem to be nervous when kept alone. A group of about 6 puffers is a good number for keeping aggression down. Other choices for tankmates are a bit limited. As confirmed fin nippers, it’s best not to keep them with easy-going fish like Corydoras catfish. The best tankmates are fast (like Glassfish) or spend the majority of the time hiding (like Synodontis catfish, in freshwater).
These fish are adapted to river life and appreciate higher water flow than other puffers. Filter flow of 6-10 times tank volume per hour is beneficial. Also as riverine fish, they are less dependent on caves than other puffers, though they do appreciate plants to hide in.
SAPs do hunt and eat snails, but specific species are certainly preferred. Pond snails (Physa sp.) are easiest, and Ramshorn Snails may be accepted. Malaysian Trumpet Snails may be too hard to eat and should be avoided. Feeding snails may help wear down their teeth, which grow very fast. Trimming may need to be performed at some point during the life of the fish (more information and instructions in the sources below).
SAPs seem to be prone to Ick infestations. Freely floating Ick protozoans cannot survive brackish conditions and thus it is better to keep these fish in slightly saline water. Like many puffers, SAPs are very sensitive to Ick Medications that contain Copper.
Colomesus asellus (Amazon Puffer), Seriously Fish
Fish Dentistry: Tooth Wear and Care in Predatory Fish, Kelly Jedlicki, Anthony Calfo
Apparently they typically eat algae off rocks which naturally wears down the teeth, which is difficult to replicate, hence why tooth trimming is often necessary in aquaria (a really important factor to keep in mind).
Another fish I didn’t know was brackish! I just always assumed they were soft water. Though I haven’t looked into them much - apparently the last time they were imported, about 1/100 survived, so they won’t be imported again. Especially if wild-caught (I’d rather more readily available captive-bred puffers, anyway). So I’ve been trying not to eye up these guys because they are just too cute. And it’s always cool to see social puffers (bit iffy about keeping them with other fish, though).
OK I think I’m choosing between Lightning and Ice.
Who tends to go for dom more often? (not been keeping track of it)
I think Lightning probably fits me more - a bit iffy about the eyes. Dunno.
I wouldn’t be surprised if I end up going back to Nature, though. I’d love to go to light the most but dom isn’t a big thing in light
> post a free giveaway on the private flight forum
> participants trickle in at a steady pace
> thread gets moved into flight sales
I’ll just raffle off all this stuff to twelve people, I guess.
(I’m really glad that the flight sales subforums exist, though I preferred the old sticky method, but I don’t really get why raffles go there as well. No one ever visits them, and it’s not like the main forum would be inundated outside of reg season.)
I don’t know when they started moving them but I really don’t like that the official holiday raffles are moved to the raffle section? like they seem to be really difficult to find now?
I don’t check the sales section but still want to partake in the “official” raffles for holidays/my flight’s private dom raffle
i am saying this in a casual tone. y’all sure do talk a lot of shit but can’t find it in you to straight up tell someone your opinion in the forums? dragonsofthe501st did it but why can’t you?
That type of behavior is not allowed on the…
Yeah like anything not “happy families” gets deleted incredibly quick. No point taking the risk of saying something cheeky. Can complain on Tumblr without any consequences FR-wise (…as long as your tumblr isn’t linked via your FR because apparently that’s not allowed).
Their protection of scammers is just fuckin atrocious
The Sat+ is showing at $1 for me?
Yesterday I had the opportunity to visit a store a friend of mine just opened in Seattle, called Aquarium Zen. Today’s grand opening has been a couple years in the making, and I was privileged to be asked to come in before the crowds to capture the energy of the place. The boutique is less a fish shop than it is an experience. In his words:
My goal when designing the space was to create a sort of alternate universe where the contrast between the chaos of urban street life would juxtapose with the tranquility of the aquatic life held within. The idea was to create a natural sanctuary that is artificial but still resonates with the healing vibes you might associate with a walk in the forest or sitting by a stream. The space itself is nearly a hundred years old and is loaded with character – exposed brick walls, skylights, old growth Douglas fir exposed beams and hardwood floors. Not your typical pet shop.
We cater to a style of aquarium keeping that originated in Japan called the “Nature Aquarium,” which tries to elevate the aquarium to an art form.
I wanted to create a space that celebrated nature and love for aquariums and to create an experience for our community. In my mind, it’s a living art installation disguised as a pet shop. The aquarium can be a lens into normally unseen realms of nature that are magical. When executed with an artistic intention, the aquarium can create a transformative experience for the viewer, a timeless space and moment that is not soon forgotten.
My friend Steve is a mad genius and I absolutely love his store to death!
If anyone is with in a couple hour drive of the Seattle area I highly suggest going to check out Aquarium Zen.
Hnnggg- I need this.
THIS IS AQUARIUM PORN
Tapirs are primitive animals that have remained unchanged for millions of years. Fossils of tapir ancestors have been found on every continent except Antarctica. Closest relatives of tapirs are horses and rhinos.
Its nose and upper lip are combined into a flexible snout that the animal uses to reach and pull food into its mouth. Tapirs are nocturnal animals that like to spend a lot of time in the water. They can stay under the water for several minutes. In fact, when frightened, tapirs hide in the water and breathe with their snout poked above the surface like a snorkel!
There has been much debate about the “potential” dangers of feeding bones to dogs, and also of the potential risks of food poisoning and salmonella infection that the feeding of raw meat to dogs and cats may carry. So it may be of interest to note that much of this information, or mis-information, relates back to the very nature of the gastric environment of the dog and cat, which in turn, is directly related to diet.
The gastric acidity (gastric PH) of the stomach of a dog or cat eating a diet predominantly made up of raw meat is very low (very acidic), with a PH of 2 or lower (relative to the level of meat protein). This highly acidic environment favours the breakdown of raw meats, and raw bones, into soft digestible material. The low PH also is highly effective at killing bacteria, particularly potentially pathogenic bacteria like salmonella spp, clostridia, campylobacter and E Coli. So the natural ‘wild” diet of dogs an cats has evolved a gastric environment that favours the breakdown of raw meats, raw bones, and a PH that kills potentially harmful bacteria – consistent with the requirements of carnivores, and in particular, the scavenging nature of dogs.
Also matched to this highly carnivorous diet (raw meat diet) is a very effective digestive process, which occurs in a relatively short gastrointestinal tract. Dogs and cats have a significantly shorter GI tract compared to other non meat eating (herbivorous) animals, whereas man has an intermediate length. The relative length of the gut reflects that nature of the diet, and how efficiently or slowly the food is broken down and absorbed. Fresh raw meat is easily digested and absorbed compared to vegetable matter, and as such, carnivores have a short gut, and rapid gut transit time – fresh meat can be digested and processed in the carnivores body in as little as 8- 12 hrs, whereas plant and vegetable material in a herbivore’s gut can take 3-5 days to be processed.
What we see with the advent of processed pet foods, is a significant change in the general nature of ingredients in the diet. It is a simple commercial fact that meat protein is the most expensive component in any pet food, and as a result, there is always commercial pressure to keep meat protein levels to a minimum, thereby keeping costs down of the end product (and / or maximising profits). Modern processed pet foods have adapted to these financial constraints firstly by significantly increasing the carbohydrate component of dog and cat foods – corn, wheat, rice, potatoe and other forms of carbohydrate are often the first and most major ingredient in many pet foods. Secondly, processed pet foods have also begun to substitute meat (animal) proteins with plant based proteins that are much cheaper – ingredients like Soya bean and lupins are cheap sources of protein that will increase the overall protein % on the label, but without the associated increase in cost. The problem with this type of substitution is that it does directly impact on the digestive environment of the dog or cat.
In dogs and cats that eat these diets with high carbohydrate, high plant protein and lower meat protein, we find that the acidity level of the stomach begins to decrease (gastric acidity relates to meat protein), and the stomach becomes progressively more alkaline (PH 4 and above). In this less acidic environment, several key issues arise;
1. With the altered PH, gastric digestion and emptying slows down
2. With the altered PH, food bacteria and contaminants are not destroyed as effectively
3. With the altered PH, raw bones and bone material is not softened and broken down effectively (digestive enzymes loose function) and this can result in obstruction.
These problems become clinically apparent when a dog that is fed a highly processed diet is offered a raw bone, or a meal of raw meat. Because the stomach acidity is directly dictated by the meat protein content of the diet, these dogs all ready have a less acidic stomach, which is not able to soften and breakdown raw bone material, nor is the stomach PH able to cope with a load of bacteria. The result can be a sudden “rejection” of the bone or meat, in the form of vomiting, or it can take the form of a bout of acute gastroenteritis, from an overgrowth of bacteria, or it may result in a bone obstruction in the stomach. With the delayed gastric emptying effect, any bacteria that do survive are also able to grow up into much larger numbers, and this effect is continued in the large bowel, with further fermentation of the plant fibre, and a delay in overall gut transit time (up to 24 hrs cf 12 hrs) – this can also result in constipation from excessive water reabsorption, or in loose stools from the over production of short chain fatty acids in the colon.
The problem is that it takes from 7-10 days on a meat based diet for the gastric acidity levels to drop down to the natural (preferred) PH 2 level, so it is not possible for the body to quickly accommodate to such diet changes. What we learn from this are a few fundamental feeding tips :
1. If you intend to feed fresh meat or a raw food diet, you must make this change gradually over 7-10 days - a common complaint I hear is from people who feed bones or fresh meat on odd occasions to their dog that eats primarily dry food is that “he/she cant handle fresh meat or bones because she vomits” – as we see from above, these dogs can handle it if it is introduced gradually, and the gastric acidity is allowed to normalise.
2. If you intend to feed raw bones (which I strongly advise as an important part of every day pet health) then you must include some fresh meat every day as part of your overall diet plan to make sure the gastric PH remains low (acidic)
3. Feeding a raw food diet will actually protect your dog or cat from bacterial contamination and food poisoning, and greatly reduce the chance of an obstruction from eating raw bones. It is a fact that dogs that eat processed foods are even more likely to shed salmonella bacteria in their faeces than are dogs that eat raw food !!
In summary, most of the dietary upsets we see that involve raw meat and bones are actually directly related to the dog or cats general everyday diet, and not so much in relation to the meat or bones.
Given that cats and dogs have been eating raw meat and bones for over 40 million years, it just makes sense that this is what they will thrive on.